Initially in 1974, Gomes (cited by BENATTI & NISHIDE, 2000), made the first study on the occupational health in hospital, and observed that in 1971 4,468 employment-related accidents in Brazilian hospital establishments had occurred. Later in 1981 Franc 1977 studied 26 occupational groups of hospital workers in the year of catching complaints and illnesses related with the work process, such as: infectum-contagious illnesses, alrgicas lombalgias, illnesses, fatigues and employment-related accidents. Justification and Objective the choice of the thematic one was given in function of that the worker in health, demonstrates little to be worried about the risks the one that are displayed when giving the care to the hospitalized patient. As observed for Oliveira & Murofuse (2001) that the health workers know the risks to its health of a form generic. that the demonstrated knowledge is daily practical fruit of and the not deriving one of the existence of a service of occupational health in the institution. We have as objective to describe the risks the one that these professionals are displayed on the basis of diverse literatures that had approached this subject.

Methodology Treats? if of a integrativa revision of the literature, whose articles selected for this study are deriving of a database searched in the site Scielo and other sources as; They had been used as word-keys for the search of the data expressions as occupational risk, Workers of the health, industrial accident. They had been found, approximately, twenty referring publications to the subject, being selected eleven articles scientific to be used for the accomplishment of the work. The used criteria of exclusion had been: articles published before year 2000; unrelated articles directly to the subject. Quarrel Until few decades, the focus of the attention of the professionals of the health if limited to attendance and to the care of the other and rare was valued the relation of its proper health with its environment of work (IT HISSES, 2008).