The ventilation mechanics is a form of artificial ventilatrio treatment used in units of intensive cares to promote the oxygenation and the ventilation of the customer who possesss respiratory insufficience of any etiology, being able to be used ties the improvement of clinical picture (BARRETO et al. apud GOMES et al., 2010). The ventilation mechanics is a support used for the customers during an acute respiratory illness, not being considered, never, as a curativa therapy. The use of the ventilation mechanics implies proper risks, having its multicriteria and cautious indication to be and its application surrounded for cares special (CRESPO et al., 2000). The ventilation mechanics is when very used an efficient method in patient with respiratory insufficience, since that it is applied with technique and adequate resources.
However when used of inadequate form, with high values of ventilatrio support without real necessity, or use of not appropriate methods at the moment, it can cause to some adverse effect and complications, being able to injure the pulmes with insufficience still more and increase with this morbimortlidade (DAVID et al. apud GOMES et al., 2010). The adequate use of the ventilation mechanics, for adjusted time and possible invasive the least sufficiently reduces the complications to patients (DAVID et al. apud GOMES et al., 2010). Benefits of the assistance of nursing for patients with respiratory complications When a person possesss a problem of serious health, illness that debilitates its organism the point to leave it without minimum conditions to guarantee its survival not to be with intensive support helps that it to recoup its state of health, or needs to carry through a surgery of great transport, this customer must be interned in a unit of intensive therapy (ARAJO et al., 2008). This makes in to perceive them the great responsibility that if has when working in a UTI, a time that the services of intensive therapy occupy hospital areas destined to the care of critical customers, whom they need complex and specialized cares.