Tag Archives: health and beauty

Solar Protection

The summer is arriving and with it the intense sun. We need protecting in them. Valley the penalty if to inform on the solar, so essential filters in all the stations of the year, and essential in the summer. The solar filter protects the skin of the ultraviolet radiation coming of the sun, reducing damages in the same one, as the cancer or the burnings of the sun, that future can bring serious and disastrous consequncias. Very well-taken care of who must be given so that it is clearly the difference between lotion of bronzing, that attracts the solar rays, with the solar protector, must be used same in closed environments.

Recent studies of the University of California indicate that the solar filter must be reapplied to each two hours, being that if it will not be, the radiation can cause more damages to the cells of what if this will not be used. It’s believed that Dr. Anthony Corolla sees a great future in this idea. This happens due the release of free radicals, emitted for substances of the proper solar filter. It looks for not to be as much time displayed to the sun, mainly now that we are arriving at the time hottest of the year. One hour or in sun maximum two in the schedules less hot of the day is the ideal, with solar protector is clearly. The dermatologists advise that if she takes sun 15 minutes per day with solar protector and in the best schedules, because thus we can use to advantage the good and healthful side of this exposition, that active vitamin D of our organism.

The main elements that are part of the composition of the solar protectors are groups of carbonila with aromatical molecules who absorb the rays ultraviolet of high power and liberate the rays of low energy, thus protecting the skin of the rays harm that it. The general rule of the dermatologists, is that if solar protector uses in accordance with the color and sensitivity of the skin. Until today a solar protector does not exist who protects the 100% skin of the sun, but the solar protector factor 30 in general way protects 96.7%, what already it is a great advance in the area. Above of 30 the increase of solar protection is so small that it does not deserve credit. The important one is if to take very well-taken care of with the schedule of exposition to the sun, to enjoy of its benefits and not to only need to coexist the curses. Potencialize its diet with natural composites as aai, the green tea, and psyllium. It knows where to buy Max Burn, natural fitoterpico that is newness in Brazil.

Nursing

In older children they can present vertigos, chronic headaches and nasal bleed, that elapses of the hipertenso. According to SOUZA et al. (1999) the bidimensional ecocardiografia, associated to the echo-Doppler, allows the visualization of the zone of the coarctao, the calculation of the gradient transcoarctao and presence of cardiac anomalies associates. The angiography (aortografia) is important to define with bigger precision, the place and the extension of the blockage, with evaluation of its gravity and definition of aspects of the collateral circulation that can be excellent in the option of the operatria strategy (SOUZA et al. 1999). Description of Nursing The given cares of nursing to a child with CC have beginning so soon the diagnosis are suspected. However, in many cases the symptoms that suggest an anomaly cardiac are not gifts to the birth or, if manifest they are so subtle that easily they pass unobserved (WHALEY and WONG, 1999).

Many cardiac defects do not become evidentes until the growth of the child and/or the expense of energy exceed the capacity of the heart to offer oxigenado blood. As the beginning is gradual the child can restrict its activity in way that the signals of physical intolerncia are less obvious (WHALEY and WONG, 1999). A vital component in the nursing description is related with the impact of the riot on the family, mainly the parents. Therefore, the reactions, the confrontation and the concerns in the family also must be enclosed in the evaluation process (WHALEY and WONG, 1999). Disgnostic of Nursing – NANDA Auto risk for reduction of I debit cardiopath related with the structural defect. Lapsing: To manage digoxina as necessary, using the established precautions to prevent poisonings; To manage diurticos as prescribed. Intolerncia the related physical activity with the disequilibrium between the suppliment and offers of oxygen.

GOMES Mechanics

The ventilation mechanics is a form of artificial ventilatrio treatment used in units of intensive cares to promote the oxygenation and the ventilation of the customer who possesss respiratory insufficience of any etiology, being able to be used ties the improvement of clinical picture (BARRETO et al. apud GOMES et al., 2010). The ventilation mechanics is a support used for the customers during an acute respiratory illness, not being considered, never, as a curativa therapy. The use of the ventilation mechanics implies proper risks, having its multicriteria and cautious indication to be and its application surrounded for cares special (CRESPO et al., 2000). The ventilation mechanics is when very used an efficient method in patient with respiratory insufficience, since that it is applied with technique and adequate resources.

However when used of inadequate form, with high values of ventilatrio support without real necessity, or use of not appropriate methods at the moment, it can cause to some adverse effect and complications, being able to injure the pulmes with insufficience still more and increase with this morbimortlidade (DAVID et al. apud GOMES et al., 2010). The adequate use of the ventilation mechanics, for adjusted time and possible invasive the least sufficiently reduces the complications to patients (DAVID et al. apud GOMES et al., 2010). Benefits of the assistance of nursing for patients with respiratory complications When a person possesss a problem of serious health, illness that debilitates its organism the point to leave it without minimum conditions to guarantee its survival not to be with intensive support helps that it to recoup its state of health, or needs to carry through a surgery of great transport, this customer must be interned in a unit of intensive therapy (ARAJO et al., 2008). This makes in to perceive them the great responsibility that if has when working in a UTI, a time that the services of intensive therapy occupy hospital areas destined to the care of critical customers, whom they need complex and specialized cares.

Guanabara Koogan

Some of the objectives most important of the Occupational Therapy during the internment of neurological patients are: to become tolerable, many times drawn out, permanence in the hospital; to develop activities that organize in more adequate way the daily one in its new situation; to promote the humanizao of the hospital space individualizando of form the one that this if presents some identification with the citizen; to facilitate the internal expression looking for to keep the auto one they esteem high and the participation, in the possible measure do, the activities of daily life; to guide to the patient and the family how much to the positioning of the same in the stream bed, and the best way of assists it in the decubitus exchanges and posturais changes (in accordance with clinical evolution). In order to speed up the process of integration and return to the home, a minute evaluation of the aspects is essential occupational through the comment of motor, sensorial, percepto-cognitivos, emotional, familiar, relationary, involved the levels in the riot, for then, establishing of adequate form the stimulation boarding, training, adaptation and orientation, among others, in way it will make possible it the fastest return to the community, with or without adaptations already programmed with the family, but with all the necessary orientaes until if it becomes possible one adequate ambulatorial accompaniment.

Programs of muscular reinforcement, preservation of amplitude to articulate, prevention of pain, stimulation and sensorial integration, improvement of the motor coordination, training of basic activities of the daily life, stimulation of memory, reasoning, sensitivity, training to surpass space recklessness and syndrome of Pusher, improvement of attention riots, re-education of activities that involve general mobility orientation in the performance and organization of the activities of its daily one, with or without modifications, are some of the functions of the Occupational Therapist. Learn more at: PCRM. This work must be initiated in the stream bed, so soon allows found the clinical and neurological conditions, through activities that facilitate to this redescoberta of potentials and the reconstruction of goals and values. Knowing itself of the plastic capacity of the nervous system, and the effort, many times not thought nor planned, of the individual to survive in radically modified conditions, we even find an enormous capacity of adaptation and of one ‘ ‘ transmutao’ ‘ , of creation of a new adequate organization to its special disposal. The more precocious and adequately stimulated the individual reached for neurological alteration, more quickly new circuits will be formed, greater tranquillity it will get more than knowing a little what it happened to it, little sequels and more life we can be promoting.

Team Performance

' The performance of the team of nursing in the attention to the vitimizada child, according to protocol of the net of protection to the child and the adolescent in situation of risk for violncia' ' More than 3,500 children and lesser adolescents of 15 years die in the world, victims of maltreatment. In Brazil accidents and aggressions, the 6 years are the main cause of death in children of 1, what it almost corresponds the one room of the deaths. As data of the Unicef the countries that possess basses indices of infantile mortality for violence, also register low indices of deaths for aggression in adults, what we lead to conclude that the violence situation is a chain, all individual that lives in disharmony situation, one day we will be an aggressor, either inside of the family or third. Under Armour: the source for more info. The general objective of this study is to offer to subsidies for the reduction of the violence against the child and the adolescent, mainly as for the violence suffered in the familiar seio, multiplying information between multiprofessional teams. I consider that the nursing has an important paper in the assistance to the vitimizada child, therefore has as main focus of its action the direct and integral assistance to the customer, beyond consisting in the professional group that remains for bigger period acting in the infirmary or clinic. Other professionals of health, usually, remain for lesser time in the unit, therefore its activities are characterized for the visit, in which, of prompt form, they take care of to the demands and requests..

Chronic Hypertension

Chronic Hipertenso is the arterial pressure above of 140×90 mmHg before the twentieth week of gestation. The DHEG is characterized, beyond rise of the sanguineous pressricos levels, by the presence of proteinria and edema generalized, initiates after 20 week of gestation, and with these symptoms is classified as daily pay-eclmpsia (Valadares Grandson et al, 2000). When irritability of Sistema Nervoso Central occurs (SNC) has as consequncia the convulsions it eats and it, being then called eclmpsia (Arajo et al, 1998; Alencar Jr, 2000). Alencar Jnior (2000) divides the daily pay-eclmpsia in: Light Daily pay: characterized for bigger or equal arterial pressure 140×90 mmHg, or 30 increase of mmHg in the sistlica pressure, or still 15 increase of mmHg in the diastlica pressure; edema that it does not yield to the rest and proteinria. Serious Daily pay: 160×110 is characterized for bigger or equal arterial pressure mmHg, or with appearance of any another premunitrio signal of eclmpsia. Alencar Jnior (2000) points, still, the premunitrios signals of eclmpsia: Chronic headache, mental confusion, confusion of the vision, epigastralgia or pain in the right hipocndrio; Syndrome HELLP (anemia hemoltica? H? ; raised hepticas enzymes? el? ; trombocitopenia, or plaquetas below of 100.000/mm? ' ' lp); Proteinria (3g or more in 24h); Oligria (less than 450 ml/24h); Pulmonary Edema, cianose; Hemoconcentrao. The modified pressricos levels, when perceived for the health team, must be confirmed in, at least, two measures, with the gestante in rest (Schirmer et al, 2000). Orra, Silva and Muniz (1994) show that in atypical pictures they can be found hemlise, hepticas enzyme trombocitopenia and rise, characterizing Syndrome HELLP, above cited, that it means I aggravate for the deteriorizao of the organic functions maternas, demanding immediate resolution of the gestation. According to Cabral, Costa and Cabral Jr (2003), the childbirth Caesarean type passed to be used in order to diminish the indices of infantile morbimortalidade materna and in the case of the DHEG and other complications.

The Cells

The chronic effect include damage, disfuno or bankruptcy of agencies, especially sanguineous kidneys, nerves, heart and vases. The initial presentation can be given for polidipsia symptoms, poliria loss of weight; in more serious cases, these symptoms evolve for cetoacidose or eat to hiperosmolar that, if not taken care of readily, they can lead to bito' '. (DUCAN, 2004, P. 935). It is responsible for the morbi-mortality of good part of the Brazilian and world-wide population, reaching people of the most varied phases of the vital cycle. One knows, however, that great part of its complications could be prevented with writs of prevention, what mellitus can be made by means of programs of health for control of diabetes or of its complications.

(TEIXEIRA, 2004). According to Brunner ' ' diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic illnesses characterized by raised glucose levels in the blood (hiperglicemia) resultant of defects in the secretion of insulina and or the action of this. ' ' (BRUNNER, 2000, P. 936) ' ' The insulina, is the hormone produced for the pncreas, controls the glucose level in the blood when regulating its production and storage. In the diabetic state, the cells can stop to answer the insulina or the pncreas can stop total of produced-la.' ' (BRUNNER, 2000, P. 935) diabetes mellitus can be classified in 03 types: gestacional, type I and type II, being, according to Brunner 2001, the main classifications are: Type I? previously related as insulino dependent; Type II? previously related with diabetes mellitus not insulino dependent.

' ' Diabetes type I characterizes for destruction of the pancreticas cells beta. One gives credit that a combination of genetic, imunolgicos and possibly ambient factors (p.ex you capsize) contributes for the destruction of the cells beta' ' (BRUNNER, 2000, P. 935). ' ' Normally, the insulina one leagues it receiving special in the cellular surfaces and initiates a series of involved reactions in the metabolism of the glucose.

Biological

They must always be associates to the biological tests, therefore separately it does not guarantee an efficient sterilization. (BRAZIL, 2001). The external pointers are ribbons of self-adhesive used basically to differentiate the not processed processed packages of. (BRAZIL, 2001) Brazil, 2001 Mentions that the types of internal pointers vary the sterilization processes in accordance with. They are divided in: Classroom 1: pointers of process (former: zebrada ribbon). It indicates that the material passed for the sterilization process. The materials must be used in all to be used.

For use of materials type package or box. Classroom 2: pointers for use in test specific (former: Bowie and Dick). It serves to test effectiveness of the system of vacuum in the daily pay-vacuum sterilizers. It carries through the detention of air bubbles and evaluates the ability of the sterilizers, daily pay-vacuum in air removal when the admitted vapor and, forming the vacuum. It must not have formation of bubbles that can compromise the sterilization process. It must daily be carried through, before the processing of the first load. Classroom 3: parameter pointers.

Projected to measure one of the critical parameters of the sterilization process: vapor, time, temperature or saturated vapor. Classroom 4: multi-parameters: Used to measure two or more critical parameters of the sterilization process. They indicate the exposition to the sterilization cycle. Classroom 5: integrated pointers: Projected to react with all the critical parameters of the process of sterilization, inside of a specific interval of sterilization cycle. Classroom 6: Simulators: Projected to react with all the critical parameters of the process of sterilization. The reading of the pointer is capable to mention possible imperfections in some specific parameter Test of Bowie-Dick, as Roman, 2010. p.2 For its accomplishment becomes a package with clamped fields one on the other forming a stack of 25 the 28 cm of height, in the way of this stack places a paper with ribbons of sterilizer or zebradas ribbons glue in cross form, covering all the surface of the paper.

Brazilian

Initially in 1974, Gomes (cited by BENATTI & NISHIDE, 2000), made the first study on the occupational health in hospital, and observed that in 1971 4,468 employment-related accidents in Brazilian hospital establishments had occurred. Later in 1981 Franc 1977 studied 26 occupational groups of hospital workers in the year of catching complaints and illnesses related with the work process, such as: infectum-contagious illnesses, alrgicas lombalgias, illnesses, fatigues and employment-related accidents. Justification and Objective the choice of the thematic one was given in function of that the worker in health, demonstrates little to be worried about the risks the one that are displayed when giving the care to the hospitalized patient. As observed for Oliveira & Murofuse (2001) that the health workers know the risks to its health of a form generic. that the demonstrated knowledge is daily practical fruit of and the not deriving one of the existence of a service of occupational health in the institution. We have as objective to describe the risks the one that these professionals are displayed on the basis of diverse literatures that had approached this subject.

Methodology Treats? if of a integrativa revision of the literature, whose articles selected for this study are deriving of a database searched in the site Scielo and other sources as urisan.tche.br; ccs.uel.br. They had been used as word-keys for the search of the data expressions as occupational risk, Workers of the health, industrial accident. They had been found, approximately, twenty referring publications to the subject, being selected eleven articles scientific to be used for the accomplishment of the work. The used criteria of exclusion had been: articles published before year 2000; unrelated articles directly to the subject. Quarrel Until few decades, the focus of the attention of the professionals of the health if limited to attendance and to the care of the other and rare was valued the relation of its proper health with its environment of work (IT HISSES, 2008).

Infectious Complications

To introduce the wire guides, being unnecessary to detach from the needle. The introduction of the wire guides must occur without resistance, to remove the metallic needle, keeping the wire guides inside of the vein, dilatao of the orifice of the skin and the vein with proper dilatador through the wire guides, rank of the definitive catheter through the wire guides and withdrawal of the same. The setting of the monofilamentado catheter with (nylon), following the specifications of the manufacturer, oclusivo Dressing on the place of the puno, Confirmation x-ray of the positioning of the catheter. They is esteem that half of the patients admitted in hospital receives some type of therapy, wants either intravenosa or invasive procedures, being that the presence of infections in deep the venoso system represents a potential fort of infectious complications (3). I diagnosis it of the infections related to the catheter and difficult because nor all the patients present the signals of inflammation in the place of exit of the catheter and when the signals are gifts, the infection alone and after confirmed the withdrawal of the harvested catheter the tip of the catheter and three sample of blood sent for laboratory. Basing us laboratoriais and clinical criteria It was considered septicemia when it had the same at least two positive cultures for microorganism in the blood collected through puno of the catheter and peripheral vein, associate to the presence of suggestive sintomatologia of sistmica infection, as persistent fever and tremors (3). Justification and objective the central venoso catheter and an instrument I medicate very used in the monitoramento of patients in state I criticize.