The chronic effect include damage, disfuno or bankruptcy of agencies, especially sanguineous kidneys, nerves, heart and vases. The initial presentation can be given for polidipsia symptoms, poliria loss of weight; in more serious cases, these symptoms evolve for cetoacidose or eat to hiperosmolar that, if not taken care of readily, they can lead to bito' '. (DUCAN, 2004, P. 935). It is responsible for the morbi-mortality of good part of the Brazilian and world-wide population, reaching people of the most varied phases of the vital cycle. One knows, however, that great part of its complications could be prevented with writs of prevention, what mellitus can be made by means of programs of health for control of diabetes or of its complications.
(TEIXEIRA, 2004). According to Brunner ' ' diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic illnesses characterized by raised glucose levels in the blood (hiperglicemia) resultant of defects in the secretion of insulina and or the action of this. ' ' (BRUNNER, 2000, P. 936) ' ' The insulina, is the hormone produced for the pncreas, controls the glucose level in the blood when regulating its production and storage. In the diabetic state, the cells can stop to answer the insulina or the pncreas can stop total of produced-la.' ' (BRUNNER, 2000, P. 935) diabetes mellitus can be classified in 03 types: gestacional, type I and type II, being, according to Brunner 2001, the main classifications are: Type I? previously related as insulino dependent; Type II? previously related with diabetes mellitus not insulino dependent.
' ' Diabetes type I characterizes for destruction of the pancreticas cells beta. One gives credit that a combination of genetic, imunolgicos and possibly ambient factors (p.ex you capsize) contributes for the destruction of the cells beta' ' (BRUNNER, 2000, P. 935). ' ' Normally, the insulina one leagues it receiving special in the cellular surfaces and initiates a series of involved reactions in the metabolism of the glucose.